Where Should Interest Rates Really Be? Applying the Taylor Rule to the World’s Central Banks.

The Taylor Rule is a formula widely used by central banks to determine how interest rates should change based on inflation, output, economic conditions and other factors. Since the start of the Great Financial Crisis in 2008, the world’s “G4” central banks – U.S., Japan, UK, and Europe have injected over $5 trillion of liquidity into the global economy. The U.S. Federal Reserve began “tapering” in December 2013, starting the process of exiting its quantitative easing program designed to keep rates low, stimulate borrowing and promote investing. Amidst signs that the global economic recovery is broadening and becoming more sustainable, market attention has begun to shift to whether less overall monetary accommodation is needed.

We applied the Taylor Rule to test the monetary policy stance of the G-4 central banks – testing each of them individually and making the results available below and conclude that policy for all but the Eurozone is too accommodative and that central bankers may have to respond more swiftly than many expect. Continue reading

China’s Currency Drop. What it Means for China and the World’s Markets.

China’s currency, the renminbi, depreciated 1.4% in February 2014, essentially tying the record for the largest monthly drop since the Chinese government’s “peg” policy officially ended in 2005. This jump raised the question of whether or not the renminbi has come to some turning point or just another road bump before resuming a 9-year modest bull rally. We believe the recent depreciation of China’s renminbi is government-engineered and potentially signals a change in China’s exchange rate policy.

In 2013, the renminbi (abbreviation CNY), also called the yuan, was among the top 5 best performing emerging market currencies to appreciate against the U.S. dollar (USD), rising 2.9%. The seeming one-way trend in the currency, and, more importantly, the widening interest rate differentials between China’s onshore version of its currency (CNY) and its offshore version (CNH) has led to capital inflows domestically and from offshore investors.

China's Renminbi Sharp Decline Continue reading

Debt Limit Extended, Fed Policy in the Wings – What to Expect from the Markets

Last night Congress reached an agreement to raise the debt limit and end the 16-day shutdown. After all the acrimony and tense negotiations, the deal passed by a comfortable margin with 81-18 vote in the Senate and 285-144 in the House.

Key details of the deal:

  • The government reopens on October 17, 2013.
  • Congress will provide spending authority through January 15, 2014 at the same spending level in effect prior to the shutdown.
  • The debt ceiling is extended until February 7, 2014.
  • Reality check: the real deadline will be sometime in mid-March, according to Goldman Sachs. The agreement allows the U.S. Treasury to utilize bookkeeping strategies known as “extraordinary measures” once the debt limit is breached on February 7th. Continue reading

How Does the Fed’s Recent Action Compare to EM Central Banks?

In an interview on Bloomberg Radio with Tom Keene and Ken Prewitt, I shared my thoughts on the Fed’s recent announcement that it would continue its QE efforts for the time being. If you missed the segment, I’ve summarized that conversation here for you. (Note that this is not an official transcript of our conversation).

Continue reading

Is Volatility Dead? Hardly.

Co-Written by Paresh Upadhyaya and Michael Temple

Certain pundits suggest we have entered a new volatility regime – that volatility has been tamed by the massive amount of liquidity injected into worldwide capital markets by very accommodative central banks. We take a different view. While volatility has been declining across many asset classes, it is creeping into several that may have escaped some investors’ attention. Continue reading

Why Did Gold Prices Fall So Sharply?

April’s sharp decline in gold got people’s attention. Plunging from $1,561 to $1,347/oz on April 12 and 15, it was a staggering decline of 13.7% the biggest 2-day drop since 1983. Is anything significant going on behind the scenes? We believe this price action is not a new phenomenon for gold, but a continuation of a much bigger trend that has been in place since the third quarter of 2011. Continue reading

The Sustainability of U.S. Interest Rates Rising

Investors are growing concerned, with good reason, we think, that yields have bottomed for the 10-year Treasury and will surge as the economy gains strength. Prices, which move inversely to yields, would fall, and the question is whether rising rates in 2013 could trigger a bond bear market along the lines of the Great Bond Bear Market of 1994. We don’t think so. Continue reading

Why U.S. Interest Rates Will Rise

Central banks have taken numerous measures to inject liquidity into their domestic economies. This has helped boost risk appetite and investor sentiment.

  • The European Central Bank’s stabilization programs have successfully reduced financial market and sovereign tail risk for banks.
  • Global growth troughed in Q2 2012, but has been on an upward trend since.
  • Market concerns over the U.S. debt situation are easing as the U.S. economy proved surprisingly resilient to many uncertainties.

As a result, investors are concerned that bond yields, which move inversely to prices, have bottomed for the U.S. 10-year Treasury and will surge, raising fears of a bond bear market along the lines of the Great Bond Bear Market of 1994. Continue reading

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